Bitcoin and crypto trading in Ukraine
The tragic circumstances of Ukraine being invaded almost renders crypto rank scoring unworthy, however, prior to the invasion, Ukraine had many advantages in the blockchain and crypto sector: a high concentration of talented people and a higher than average number of blockchain organizations and Bitcoin nodes. Crypto ownership, well over 10% of the population, was one of the highest scores. Since the invasion, Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, has enacted a law allowing all crypto exchanges, home-based and overseas, to operate in Ukraine along with a regulatory framework to promote an open crypto market. How this rolls out, only time will tell.
Total Population – 43.7m
Number of crypto owners – 5.56m
Percentage of the population owning Crypto – 12.73%
Residents crypto interest country rank – 4
Number of exchanges based in the country – 5
Number of bitcoin nodes based in the country – 53
Number of ATMs – 39
Spend Bitcoin and cryptocurrency trading in Ukraine
Just like in Russia, you may be able to trade or mine cryptocurrency – and sit on it feeling rich, if the mood takes you – but you won’t be allowed to spend it within the Ukraine economy. Under the new laws, whilst crypto/virtual assets are defined as intangible goods, which can be secured and unsecured, they are not accepted as a legal means of payment and their exchange for other goods or services is not allowed. ‘Financial virtual assets’ must be issued by entities registered in Ukraine – and backed by currencies – which are regulated by the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU), the country’s central bank. You can spend your cryptocurrency outside the country, or buy an English football club like everybody else in the world seems to want to do.
Law and crypto trading in Ukraine
Ukraine is served by leading exchanges and has a population with high volumes of trading and holding cryptocurrency. Unlike its neighbour, Ukraine shows a very friendly face to the world of crypto and openness towards trading. The country has recently approved regulation to facilitate the adoption of cryptocurrencies, even though – as with many countries – the precise definition and legal bearing of cryptocurrency generally is difficult to pin down. Ukraine’s parliament in Kyiv recently passed legislation determining the rules for crypto-activities with a law on virtual assets that gives cryptocurrencies the status of ‘intangible goods’ but not, unlike our old friend El Salvador – the status of legal tender. The laws also regulate the activities and obligations of crypto businesses. Much of its use and exact categorization depends on the circumstances of use and the particular Ukrainian jurisdictions in which those trading activities occur.
Paying tax on my crypto trading in the Ukraine
A draft bill some years back must have given all Ukrainians big hopes when it was proposed that tax on gains in crypto were to be taxed 5% for the first 5 years of activity. That was false hope! The recent law on crypto legalization is awaiting approval of the amendments to the country’s taxation policy towards cryptocurrency transactions, although these changes haven’t come about at the time of writing. Acquiring cryptocurrency is not taxable, but selling it for gains is. The sales transactions of cryptocurrency are deemed to be a profit-making activity and subject to tax payable on gains at the rate of 18%. The liability to pay tax occurs when the profit is received or when the actual money transferred to your formal bank account.
Tax relief, changing residency and gifting crypto coins Ukraine
The government has specified that crypto transactions are not subject to VAT and only the gains over the purchase and sales transactions are taxed. The Digital Ministry has proposed the tax rate for individuals be cut down to 5% but this is not likely to happen. Gifting crypto means you will still have to pay tax on any gains you made prior to gifting and should you change residency, your tax matters will be applicable to your new country of residence
Ukraine crypto mining regulations
Mining crypto is a highly technical and expensive activity at the best of times, involving powerful computers – and lots of energy – but it is legal and proliferates in Ukraine. Ukraine is big on mining with a brace of plants for mining bitcoin, one under construction is being created by the government-owned nuclear plant operator, Energoatom, and a private firm in a multi-million dollar investment. Another is being built in western Ukraine, partly in collaboration with private companies specialising in crypto infrastructure. Both plants are located next to nuclear power plants – so that tells you something about the kind of energy you’re going to need. That single solar panel on your rooftop isn’t going to cut it.
Planning your retirement and investing in cryptocurrency in Ukraine
Ukraine is looking to reap a golden harvest from opening up to the cryptoeconomy, and all activity has been legalized. With the opening up of crypto activity, without the ability to actually spend your cryptocurrencies on anything in the country, it remains to be seen whether or not the investment industry will experience a boom in demand.
Ukraine’s Financial services’ outlook on Bitcoin and crypto economy
Much of the lead taken by Ukrainian banks regarding crypto comes directly from the government’s latest laws applying to cryptocurrency trading, with activities and services coming within central bank supervision. As the legalization of cryptocurrency trading begins to take effect and regulation becomes clearer, however, exchanges, including a whole assortment of cryptocurrency service providers can now begin to tie in with mainstream banks to provide services that customers want. Just as other ambitious countries have become ‘crypto-positive’ the provision of banking services and overseas crypto businesses, could have the desired effect of transforming the Ukraine into something of a financial and crypto hot-spot for investors and a hub for the development of potential blockchain-related services.
Ukraine and DeFi: the latest developments
Central banks around the world are all investigating or trialing some form of digital currency and the newly crypto friendly central bank of Ukraine is also looking to issue its own central bank digital currency CBDC. The country is also fully committed to becoming a blockchain technology advocate and leader.
Crypto security, transparency and compliance in Ukraine
Cryptocurrency exchanges have to acquire permits to operate and be supervised by regulators. To simplify matters, overseas-based trading platforms will only be obliged to meet certain authorized capital requirements. Customer verification is required but it seems to be operated with a much lighter touch as the country seems not to want to over regulate the golden goose.
While new regulatory laws and clearer supervision provides for more transparency, the owness is firmly on individuals regarding tax declarations over their cryptocurrency gains. Evasion carries the threat of prosecution under criminal proceedings. Mandatory fines and confiscation of property are just the start with further fines of 25% of undisclosed tax amounts. Just for the record, a newly created National Service for Regulation of Virtual Assets will issue permits for crypto companies operating in Ukraine with the Ministry of Finance, the central bank and the National Securities and Stock Market Commission (NSSMC) each having jurisdiction over their own areas of responsibility.