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Crypto Exchanges& Regulation in Denmark

Top exchanges in Denmark by Coincub criteria
Article review author
Jonathan Lea
Denmark head image

Crypto Country Rating: 6.9/10

8/10
Institutional acceptance
Open and relatively laid back
8/10
Exchanges & Wallets availability
All major exchanges and wallets available
7/10
Government regulation
Light touch regulation, but creaky taxation system
5/10
Defi acceptance
Hotly debated but no action
6/10
Financial services
Laid back approach but taxation system needs revising
6/10
Transparency
Attention mostly on AML, with usual ID requirements for trading
8/10
Spending crypto
Plenty to spend on - Denmark something of a crypto haven
8/10
Banks activity in crypto
Banks keen but awaiting new legislation

Bitcoin and crypto trading in Denmark

Spending bitcoin and trading cryptocurrency  in Denmark

The crypto economy in Denmark is open and progressive, with a positive outlook towards cryptocurrencies and the blockchain technology that supports them. Bitcoin is not highly regulated, and authorities allow the use of bitcoin as a payment token and investment asset without going the whole hog and declaring it as legal tender as in El Salvador. Denmark is a crypto hot spot for indirectly spending your cleverly invested coins. Under a single payment brand you can have take-away food access to over 1,000 restaurants. Worldwide brands such as Overstock, Microsoft, Gyft, Etsy, Expedia and many more also accept bitcoin.

Law and crypto trading in Denmark

Denmark is a crypto investment haven with access to all the leading exchanges. The Danish crypto scene has benefitted from open attitudes from the government and an indecisive taxation system. New regulation is expected with regard to taxation, but aside from money laundering laws, crypto exchanges and crypto trading are not directly regulated. Any activity between investors in crypto and the exchange comes within existing Danish laws on standard contracts and good business practices. For that matter, there is no specific regulation covering the mining of cryptocurrency either, as virtual currencies are not technically defined as a financial instrument. Of course, much may change going forward – and at present mined coins will be taxed.

Paying tax on my crypto trading in Denmark

Denmark has had its problems with collecting tax on crypto transactions, more to do with its taxation system not being robust or sophisticated enough to cope with the entirely new challenges of the crypto economy. Getting to the bottom of taxation on your crypto gains is fiendishly complicated but boils down to two main classifications for your trading: for-profit business and speculative investment. Assessing which of these you come under requires quite a bit of legal advice. However, if you have acquired crypto as either a speculative investment or as part of a for-profit business, your realized gains and losses are taxable. Gains are taxed as normal salary income, which can be up to top-bracket tax, equal to approximately 56%. As we have said, moves are afoot for Denmark to make its century-old taxation system more appropriate to administer crypto against the risks of fraud and tax evasion – and to regulate the industry more efficiently.

Tax relief, changing residency and gifting crypto coins in Denmark

If you are within one of the two taxable classes, for-profit-business or speculative investor, then losses on your crypto trading trigger a tax deduction equal to approximately 30%. Gains and losses must be reported in your tax return. Because there is a difference between the percentage of taxes payable on gains and the percentage of losses that are deductible, a concept known as asymmetric taxation comes into play (yes, that’s why you need professional advice). Just remember, realized gains are taxable on each trade you make, and can add up to a seriously high level of taxation – but, hey, that’s why the healthcare system is good. As regards gifting crypto, the tax authorities would almost certainly review the circumstances as to whether the transfer really was a gift or merely a form of transfer to avoid tax. Should you wish to change residency to another country you will, of course, come under that country’s jurisdiction for trading and mining.

Denmark crypto mining regulations

Thinking of mining crypto? It’s a highly technical and expensive activity at the best of times, involving powerful computers – and lots of energy – but it is perfectly legal in Denmark. There is no specific regulation covering the mining of cryptocurrency, as any virtual currency is not technically defined as a financial instrument. All crypto you acquire through mining is subject to tax, however. The profit you go on to make from the sale of the mined cryptocurrency will also be taxed. In line with most taxation protocols around the world, you’ll only be taxed on the difference you’ve gained between the value of your mined coins and the electricity costs you will have inevitably incurred getting them.

Planning your retirement and investing in cryptocurrency in Denmark

Cryptocurrency is a big investment play among an increasing amount of population. Antiquated laws and a lax tax collection infrastructure have made investing and gain from bitcoin speculation highly popular. Tax laws may soon be changing in this regard, however, Danish banks have positive attitudes towards facilitating crypto services, even though the central bank is more skeptical. That said, crypto is still viewed as too volatile and unpredictable for most organizations offering long-term financial planning. Despite a positive attitude from the government, the risks of high price volatility remain and traditional long-term investment organizations may steer clear. It is likely that any investment plan would probably carry higher fees due to the higher risks involved.

Denmark’s financial services’ outlook on Bitcoin and crypto economy

Many Danish establishments appear unthreatened by the rise of the crypto economy. However, following a year-long review, the Central Bank of Denmark has voiced opinions that cryptocurrencies would not be particularly advantageous to the country’s financial system. If the Danish central bank is not particularly impressed with crypto per se, at least one leading bank, Saxo, has an opposite view. Saxo announced a crypto FX product for trading major cryptocurrencies for fiat currencies. One competitor, Danske Bank, stated that while it wouldn’t offer any cryptocurrency services, it would allow transactions coming from crypto platforms and  permit its credit cards being used on cryptocurrency trading platforms.

Denmark and DeFi: the latest developments

Many central banks around the world are investigating some form of digital currency. Following assessment, the Central Bank of Denmark took the position that crypto will have a negligible impact on the financial system. The bigger concern for the bank appears to be the blockchain technology behind cryptocurrencies, and who will control it. The unpredictable effect of DeFi on the financial system raises similar questions.

Crypto security, transparency and compliance in Denmark

Exchange regulations are not tight, aside from Anti Money Laundering (AML) requirements. Much is changing in Denmark, and outdated tax laws are being updated to cover the new surge of crypto investment. Businesses are keen for proactive regulation of the crypto space, and it appears that leading Danish banks are ready to facilitate them – to a point. Checking the security of any exchange you wish to trade with is highly recommended. Some exchanges carry insurance against loss and some have better services and security records. In all cases, you’ll need to disclose identification and some personal details.

Helpful?
FAQ

New to crypto? Here’s our guide!

FAQ Image #1 01 Why Bitcoin? It seems like the buzz around Bitcoin just keeps growing. Bitcoin is a constantly evolving technology with a passionate community. What is it about the digital asset that makes it such a controversial topic and attractive investment?
FAQ Image #2 02 How to Get Started with Bitcoin It can be difficult to get past the technical jargon surrounding bitcoin (BTC) and other cryptocurrencies in order to figure out how you can buy and store them. Beginners can purchase Bitcoin, for example, on many exchanges using fiat currency like U.S. Dollar, Euro or British Pound.
FAQ Image #3 03 Blockchains 101 Blockchains are a type of database where data is stored in blocks that are chained together. As new data comes in, it is entered into a block, which is then chained to the previous block. The Bitcoin blockchain serves as a ledger that records every Bitcoin transaction in history.
FAQ Image #4 04 Bitcoin in the Real World Ok - you’ve found an exchange, bought your Bitcoin, and stored it safely. What’s next? By now you can buy just about anything with Bitcoin if you try hard enough, from Amazon gift cards to an old master painting. You can also convert your BTC to fiat with ATMs, an exchange, and more.

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